Uber is selling its south-east Asian ride-hailing and food delivery business to bigger regional rival Grab, as its seeks to cut losses ahead of a potential stock market flotation next year.
The move marks the US company’s third major retreat overseas, following its exit from China in 2016 and Russia last year.
Uber lost $4.5bn (£3.2bn) last year and is facing fierce competition at home and in Asia, as well as a regulatory crackdown in Europe. In November, the Uber chief executive, Dara Khosrowshahi, admitted that the Asian operations were not going to be “profitable any time soon”.
Explaining the deal with Grab, Khosrowshahi told employees in an email that was published on Uber’s blog: “One of the potential dangers of our global strategy is that we take on too many battles across too many fronts and with too many competitors.”
Corrine Png, who runs Singapore-based research firm Crucial Perspective, told the Guardian: “Uber is seeking an IPO but that might be delayed depending on whether Khosrowshahi is able to address Uber’s cash burn problem as well as countering rival Lyft’s renewed strength in the US.
“Uber has been expanding overaggressively and assumed that it would be able to outspend Yandex in Russia, Didi Chuxing in China and Grab in south-east Asia but it turns out that Uber’s rivals were equally well-resourced. Uber would have been better off simply investing in Yandex, Didi Chuxing and Grab from the start.”
She added that Uber’s problems had given Lyft the opportunity to gain market share in the US, which remains the world’s most lucrative market for ride-hailing and ride trip data – essential for Uber’s self-driving technology programme.
Uber counts the US, Australia, New Zealand and Latin America among its core markets – regions where it has more than 50% market share and is profitable or sees a path to profitability.
Png expects Uber to focus mostly on the US, India, Latin America and the UK – assuming its appeal against Transport for London’s ban is successful. However, she did not rule out the possibility of Uber exiting India in return for an equity stake in Ola.
India is another competitive and costly market where rivals have heavily subsidised rides in an effort to gain market share. Uber is estimated to control close to 60% of the market.
As part of the deal with Grab, Uber will take a 27.5% stake in the Singapore-based firm and Khosrowshahi will join Grab’s board. It is his first major sale since taking over from Travis Kalanick in September.
“It will help us double down on our plans for growth as we invest heavily in our products and technology,” Khosrowshahi said.
Uber invested $700m in its south-east Asia business, compared with the $2bn it burned through in China before selling its operations there to Didi.
A shakeup in Asia’s fiercely competitive ride-hailing industry became likely in November when Japan’s SoftBank made a multibillion-dollar investment in Uber. SoftBank is also a major investor in several of Uber’s rivals, including Grab, Didi and Ola.
Since you’re here …
… we have a small favour to ask. More people are reading the Guardian than ever but advertising revenues across the media are falling fast. And unlike many news organisations, we haven’t put up a paywall – we want to keep our journalism as open as we can. So you can see why we need to ask for your help. The Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism takes a lot of time, money and hard work to produce. But we do it because we believe our perspective matters – because it might well be your perspective, too.
I appreciate there not being a paywall: it is more democratic for the media to be available for all and not a commodity to be purchased by a few. I’m happy to make a contribution so others with less means still have access to information.Thomasine, Sweden